Sunday, May 31, 2015

Awe-inspired

Climb the mountains and get their good tidings. Nature's peace will flow into you as sunshine flows into trees. The winds will blow their own freshness into you, and the storms their energy, while cares will drop off like autumn leaves. — John Muir, Scottish-American naturalist, author, environmental philosopher and early advocate of preservation of wilderness in the United States

HUMAN BEINGS are unique in the ability to experience awe, or so a recent body of research seems to indicate, and it appears as though it's good for us individually and collectively.


I get it. I know the peace I feel when I am awed. 


Outdoors is where I find it. Clouds, trees, sky, streams, mountains, desert, wildlife, birds, flowers, meeting a deer up close in the woods, having a beaver cross my path on a lake or listening to a hawk's call pierce the air high above me. That's when the noise in my head and turmoil in my heart stop, and I find stillness and balance.


Below the article, at the end of the post are some views and places I've found awe-inspiring.


Why Do We Experience Awe?

By Paul Piff

May 22, 2015

HERE’S a curious fact about goose bumps. In many nonhuman mammals, goose bumps — that physiological reaction in which the muscles surrounding hair follicles contract — occur when individuals, along with other members of their species, face a threat. We humans, by contrast, can get goose bumps when we experience awe, that often-positive feeling of being in the presence of something vast that transcends our understanding of the world.


Why do humans experience awe? Years ago, one of us, Professor Keltner, argued (along with the psychologist Jonathan Haidt) that awe is the ultimate “collective” emotion, for it motivates people to do things that enhance the greater good. Through many activities that give us goose bumps — collective rituals, celebration, music and dance, religious gatherings and worship — awe might help shift our focus from our narrow self-interest to the interests of the group to which we belong.


Now, recent research of ours, to be published in next month’s issue of the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, provides strong empirical support for this claim. We found that awe helps bind us to others, motivating us to act in collaborative ways that enable strong groups and cohesive communities.


For example, in one study we asked more than 1,500 individuals across the United States a series of questions to assess how much awe, among other emotions, they experienced on a regular basis. In an ostensibly unrelated part of the study, we gave each person 10 lottery tickets that would be entered in his (or her) name for a cash prize drawing. We told each person that the tickets were his to keep, but that if he wanted to, he could share a portion of them with another unidentified individual in the study who had not received any tickets.


We found that participants who reported experiencing more awe in their lives, who felt more regular wonder and beauty in the world around them, were more generous to the stranger. They gave approximately 40 percent more of their tickets away than did participants who were awe-deprived.


Some of this research was conducted on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley, which has a spectacular grove of Tasmanian blue gum eucalyptus trees, some with heights exceeding 200 feet — a potent source of everyday awe for anyone who walks by. So we took participants there and had them either look up into the trees or look at the facade of a nearby science building, for one minute. Then, a minor “accident” occurred (actually a planned part of the experiment): A person stumbled and dropped a handful of pens. Participants who had spent the minute looking up at the tall trees — not long, but long enough, we found, to be filled with awe — picked up more pens to help the other person.


In other experiments, we evoked feelings of awe in the lab, for example by having participants recall and write about a past experience of awe or watch a five-minute video of sublime scenes of nature. Participants experiencing awe, more so than those participants experiencing emotions like pride or amusement, cooperated more, shared more resources and sacrificed more for others — all of which are behaviors necessary for our collective life.


In still other studies, we have sought to understand why awe arouses altruism of different kinds. One answer is that awe imbues people with a different sense of themselves, one that is smaller, more humble and part of something larger. Our research finds that even brief experiences of awe, such as being amid beautiful tall trees, lead people to feel less narcissistic and entitled and more attuned to the common humanity people share with one another. In the great balancing act of our social lives, between the gratification of self-interest and a concern for others, fleeting experiences of awe redefine the self in terms of the collective, and orient our actions toward the needs of those around us.


You could make the case that our culture today is awe-deprived. Adults spend more and more time working and commuting and less time outdoors and with other people. Camping trips, picnics and midnight skies are forgone in favor of working weekends and late at night. Attendance at arts events — live music, theater, museums and galleries — has dropped over the years. This goes for children, too: Arts and music programs in schools are being dismantled in lieu of programs better suited to standardized testing; time outdoors and for novel, unbounded exploration are sacrificed for résumé-building activities.


We believe that awe deprivation has had a hand in a broad societal shift that has been widely observed over the past 50 years: People have become more individualistic, more self-focused, more materialistic and less connected to others. To reverse this trend, we suggest that people insist on experiencing more everyday awe, to actively seek out what gives them goose bumps, be it in looking at trees, night skies, patterns of wind on water or the quotidian nobility of others — the teenage punk who gives up his seat on public transportation, the young child who explores the world in a state of wonder, the person who presses on against all odds.


All of us will be better off for it.























4 comments:

  1. I love the photos! And what you said - I wonder how I missed this column - it's wonderful. Grand Canyon, the Appalachians, The Alps, Ice on the sand of the Atlantic - for a California gal, that's stunning. The Bristlecone Pines in the White Mountains. Yosemite, my granddaughters, my daughter's wedding. Whales. Dolphins. So much more. It's neat to sit and think about it again.

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    1. Yes, revisiting special places in memory is so pleasurable. I've never seen whales in the wild, and I really, really want to.

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  2. :D I"m slow at this stuff - spend too much time on FB - but yes, I hope you can make that happen one day. When you get ready to, look at what the season is for the place you plan to go and honestly, if you can get tickets on a boat associated with a reputable Aquarium that puts a docent on the boat, it's a much better experience. https://tickets.harbor-cruises.com/ Here is one that is highly recommended. Click on "What you'll see" for photos and video. We once saw a super pod of dolphins with them. An astounding experience!!!!!!!!!

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  3. Hi Liz. Thanks for the link. I've bookmarked it. It sounds amazing!!!!

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